Lyle R. Wheeler

Birthday:
02/12/1905
Place of birth:
Woburn, Massachusetts, USA:
Biography:
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia Lyle Reynolds Wheeler (February 2, 1905 – January 10, 1990) was an American motion picture art director. He received five Academy Awards — for Gone with the Wind (1939), Anna and the King of Siam (1946), The Robe (1953), The King and I (1956) and The Diary of Anne Frank (1959). Lyle Wheeler studied at the University of Southern California, then worked as a magazine artist and industrial designer. In 1936 he was hired by David O. Selznick to work as a set designer for Selznick's motion picture production company. Wheeler proved to be a creative genius when it came to designing quality sets at reasonable costs and was very much in demand in the industry. By the end of World War II, Wheeler had joined Twentieth Century-Fox Film Corporation, where he remained as chief art director until the end of the 1950s. In a career spanning 40 years, Wheeler created sets for more than 350 motion pictures, many of which are considered film classics. His credits include A Star is Born, A Tree Grows in Brooklyn, State Fair, The Dolly Sisters, Forever Amber, The Fan, The Pride of St. Louis, The Seven Year Itch, and Carousel and in particular, Gone With the Wind, for which he drew some of the earliest examples of storyboards for film, illustrating not only the art design, but the framing, composition and even the color for nearly every shot in the film, greatly influencing the production. He also created matte paintings for all the ceilings for the sets as well as large set pieces like the facade of Tara. He was nominated for the Academy Award for Best Art Direction 29 times, winning five. In 1951, he was nominated for four different films, three in 1952 and twice for two films in one year. His television credits include the long-running CBS series, Perry Mason. Late in life, Wheeler suffered financial reverses and was forced to sell his home. He lost his five Academy Award statuettes when he was unable to pay a bill in excess of $30,000 at a storage facility. His 1959 Oscar for The Diary of Anne Frank was purchased and returned to Wheeler in 1989 by a fan. Lyle Wheeler died January 10, 1990, at the Motion Picture & Television Country House and Hospital, of pneumonia. He was cremated, and his ashes stored in the vault at the Chapel of the Pines Crematory in Los Angeles.

Credits

Posse
Production Design
Posse
Set Decoration
Stand Up and Be Counted
Production Design
The Love Machine
Production Design
Doctors' Wives
Production Design
Marooned
Production Design
In Harm's Way
Production Design
The Cardinal
Production Design
Advise & Consent
Production Design
From the Terrace
Art Direction
Let's Make Love
Art Direction
The Story of Ruth
Art Direction
Journey to the Center of the Earth
Art Direction
Beloved Infidel
Art Direction
The Best of Everything
Art Direction
Blue Denim
Art Direction
The Alligator People
Art Direction
Say One for Me
Art Direction
Warlock
Art Direction
The Diary of Anne Frank
Art Direction
The Barbarian and the Geisha
Art Direction
The Long, Hot Summer
Art Direction
The Young Lions
Art Direction
South Pacific
Art Direction
The Gift of Love
Art Direction
The Enemy Below
Art Direction
The Three Faces of Eve
Art Direction
Peyton Place
Art Direction
April Love
Art Direction
The Sun Also Rises
Art Direction
Desk Set
Art Direction
Will Success Spoil Rock Hunter?
Art Direction
A Hatful of Rain
Art Direction
An Affair to Remember
Art Direction
The Girl Can't Help It
Art Direction
Love Me Tender
Art Direction
Between Heaven and Hell
Art Direction
The Best Things In Life Are Free
Art Direction
The Last Wagon
Art Direction
Bus Stop
Art Direction
The King and I
Art Direction
D-Day the Sixth of June
Art Direction
23 Paces to Baker Street
Art Direction
The Proud Ones
Art Direction
The Revolt of Mamie Stover
Art Direction
Hilda Crane
Art Direction
The Man in the Gray Flannel Suit
Art Direction
On the Threshold of Space
Art Direction
Carousel
Art Direction
The Bottom of the Bottle
Art Direction
The Lieutenant Wore Skirts
Art Direction
Good Morning Miss Dove
Art Direction
Seven Cities of Gold
Art Direction
The Girl in the Red Velvet Swing
Art Direction
The Left Hand of God
Art Direction
Love Is a Many-Splendored Thing
Art Direction
The Virgin Queen
Art Direction
The Seven Year Itch
Art Direction
Daddy Long Legs
Art Direction
A Man Called Peter
Art Direction
Untamed
Art Direction
The Racers
Art Direction
Soldier of Fortune
Art Direction
There's No Business Like Show Business
Art Direction
Black Widow
Art Direction
Broken Lance
Art Direction
The Egyptian
Art Direction
Demetrius and the Gladiators
Art Direction
Gorilla at Large
Art Direction
Siege at Red River
Art Direction
Man in the Attic
Art Direction
Beneath the 12-Mile Reef
Art Direction
How to Marry a Millionaire
Art Direction
The Robe
Art Direction
Mister Scoutmaster
Art Direction
Inferno
Art Direction
A Blueprint for Murder
Art Direction
Dangerous Crossing
Art Direction
Gentlemen Prefer Blondes
Art Direction
Pickup on South Street
Art Direction
The President's Lady
Art Direction
Titanic
Art Direction
Call Me Madam
Art Direction
Niagara
Art Direction
Tonight We Sing
Art Direction
Taxi
Art Direction
The I Don't Care Girl
Art Direction
My Pal Gus
Art Direction
Way of a Gaucho
Art Direction
Something for the Birds
Art Direction
Night Without Sleep
Art Direction
Monkey Business
Art Direction
The Snows of Kilimanjaro
Art Direction
Les Miserables
Art Direction
O. Henry's Full House
Art Direction
Don't Bother to Knock
Art Direction
Wait Till the Sun Shines, Nellie
Art Direction
Diplomatic Courier
Art Direction
With a Song in My Heart
Art Direction
Return of the Texan
Art Direction
Viva Zapata!
Art Direction
The Model and the Marriage Broker
Art Direction
Let's Make It Legal
Art Direction
The Desert Fox: The Story of Rommel
Art Direction
Love Nest
Art Direction
The Day the Earth Stood Still
Art Direction
People Will Talk
Art Direction
The Guy Who Came Back
Art Direction
David and Bathsheba
Art Direction
The Secret of Convict Lake
Art Direction
As Young as You Feel
Art Direction
Follow the Sun
Art Direction
The House on Telegraph Hill
Art Direction
Fourteen Hours
Art Direction
Rawhide
Art Direction
Bird of Paradise
Art Direction
You're in the Navy Now
Art Direction
The 13th Letter
Art Direction
Halls of Montezuma
Art Direction
Mr. Belvedere Rings the Bell
Art Direction
American Guerrilla in the Philippines
Art Direction
All About Eve
Art Direction
Where the Sidewalk Ends
Art Direction
The Gunfighter
Art Direction
A Ticket to Tomahawk
Art Direction
Cheaper by the Dozen
Art Direction
Under My Skin
Art Direction
Three Came Home
Art Direction
Twelve O'Clock High
Art Direction
Dancing in the Dark
Art Direction
Father Was a Fullback
Art Direction
Pinky
Art Direction
Thieves' Highway
Art Direction
I Was a Male War Bride
Art Direction
Slattery's Hurricane
Art Direction
Sand
Art Direction
It Happens Every Spring
Art Direction
The Beautiful Blonde from Bashful Bend
Art Direction
Mr. Belvedere Goes to College
Art Direction
The Fan
Art Direction
Down to the Sea in Ships
Art Direction
Yellow Sky
Art Direction
Unfaithfully Yours
Art Direction
That Wonderful Urge
Art Direction
Apartment for Peggy
Art Direction
Cry of the City
Art Direction
Road House
Art Direction
Deep Waters
Art Direction
The Iron Curtain
Art Direction
Give My Regards to Broadway
Art Direction
Fury at Furnace Creek
Art Direction
Call Northside 777
Art Direction
You Were Meant for Me
Art Direction
Sitting Pretty
Art Direction
Daisy Kenyon
Art Direction
Gentleman's Agreement
Art Direction
Forever Amber
Art Direction
Nightmare Alley
Art Direction
The Foxes of Harrow
Art Direction
Kiss of Death
Art Direction
My Darling Clementine
Art Direction
Anna and the King of Siam
Art Direction
Centennial Summer
Art Direction
Cluny Brown
Art Direction
Dragonwyck
Art Direction
Behind Green Lights
Art Direction
Doll Face
Art Direction
Leave Her to Heaven
Art Direction
State Fair
Art Direction
Within These Walls
Art Direction
Nob Hill
Art Direction
The Caribbean Mystery
Art Direction
Don Juan Quilligan
Art Direction
Where Do We Go from Here?
Art Direction
Diamond Horseshoe
Art Direction
Circumstantial Evidence
Art Direction
A Royal Scandal
Art Direction
Thunderhead - Son of Flicka
Art Direction
A Tree Grows in Brooklyn
Art Direction
Hangover Square
Art Direction
Winged Victory
Art Direction
Laura
Art Direction
Wing and a Prayer
Art Direction
Bataan
Art Direction
That Hamilton Woman
Art Direction
Rebecca
Art Direction
Gone with the Wind
Art Direction
Intermezzo: A Love Story
Art Direction
The Young in Heart
Art Direction
Nothing Sacred
Art Direction
The Prisoner of Zenda
Art Direction
A Star Is Born
Art Designer
The Garden of Allah
Set Decoration

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