Anton Grot

Birthday:
01/18/1884
Place of birth:
Kielbasin, West Prussia, Germany [now Kielbasin, Kujawsko-Pomorskie, Poland]:
Biography:
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia Anton Grot (18 January 1884 – 21 March 1974) was a distinguished Polish art director long in Hollywood. He was known for his prolific output with Warner Brothers, contributing, in such films as Little Caesar, and Gold Diggers of 1933 to the distinctive Warners look and style. According to TCM.com, he showed a "flair for harsh realism, Expressionistic horror and ornate romantic moods alike". He was born Antocz Franciszek Groszewski in Kiełbasin, Poland and died in Stanton, California. He studied at the Krakow art academy and at technical school in Koenigsberg, Germany, majoring in interior decoration, illustration, and design. He changed his name and emigrated to the U.S. in 1909. The Lubin Company hired him to paint and design sets in 1913, in Philadelphia; and he also worked on films for Vitagraph and Pathé. At Pathé he developed his innovative techniques, along with William Cameron Menzies, in the way of using continuity sketches. His method of presenting a series of sketches of all the film’s sets would later become standard practice among Art Directors, particularly with Menzies (his assistant in 1917, on The Naulahka). Cinematographer Arthur Miller remembered Anton Grot: “a gifted and talented artist who made beautiful charcoal drawings...of the set before it was completed. All his compositions showed a full shot of each set, with all the delicate tones and shadings that suggested ideas for lighting and, in general, were of great help to me as a cameraman.” Grot came to Hollywood in 1922 to assist Wilfred Buckland with the sets for the Douglas Fairbanks Robin Hood; and stayed on, to work with Cecil B. DeMille and William K. Howard. He was eventually signed by Warner Bros, as “art director, artist, and designer", and designed 80 films before his retirement in 1948. Grot collaborated notably with fellow émigré, director Michael Curtiz, on 15 films. Beginning with the biblical epic Noah’s Ark (1928), these included The Private Lives of Elizabeth and Essex (1938), Captain Blood (1935), The Sea Hawk (1940), and Mildred Pierce (1945). Grot is credited with contributing significantly to Curtiz’ personal style.

Credits

June Bride
Art Direction
Romance on the High Seas
Art Direction
The Unsuspected
Art Direction
Possessed
Art Direction
Nora Prentiss
Art Direction
Never Say Goodbye
Art Direction
Deception
Art Direction
My Reputation
Art Direction
Mildred Pierce
Art Direction
Rhapsody in Blue
Art Direction
The Conspirators
Art Direction
Thank Your Lucky Stars
Art Direction
The Sea Hawk
Art Direction
The Private Lives of Elizabeth and Essex
Art Direction
Juarez
Art Direction
They Made Me a Criminal
Art Direction
Hard to Get
Production Design
Tovarich
Art Direction
The Great Garrick
Art Direction
The Life of Emile Zola
Art Direction
Confession
Art Direction
Anthony Adverse
Art Direction
The White Angel
Art Direction
The Golden Arrow
Art Direction
Captain Blood
Art Direction
Dr. Socrates
Art Direction
A Midsummer Night's Dream
Art Direction
Bright Lights
Art Direction
Broadway Gondolier
Art Direction
Stranded
Art Direction
The Florentine Dagger
Art Direction
Traveling Saleslady
Art Direction
Red Hot Tires
Art Direction
The Secret Bride
Art Direction
The Firebird
Art Direction
6 Day Bike Rider
Art Direction
British Agent
Art Direction
Dr. Monica
Art Direction
He Was Her Man
Art Direction
Upperworld
Art Direction
Gambling Lady
Art Direction
Mandalay
Art Direction
Easy to Love
Art Direction
Son of a Sailor
Art Direction
Ever in My Heart
Art Direction
Footlight Parade
Art Direction
Baby Face
Art Direction
Gold Diggers of 1933
Art Direction
The Keyhole
Art Direction
The King's Vacation
Art Direction
Mystery of the Wax Museum
Art Direction
The Match King
Art Direction
20,000 Years in Sing Sing
Art Direction
Scarlet Dawn
Art Direction
One Way Passage
Art Direction
Big City Blues
Art Direction
A Successful Calamity
Production Design
Doctor X
Art Direction
Street of Women
Art Direction
Two Seconds
Art Direction
Man Wanted
Art Direction
Beauty and the Boss
Art Direction
High Pressure
Art Direction
The Woman from Monte Carlo
Art Direction
The Mad Genius
Art Direction
The Road to Singapore
Art Direction
Side Show
Art Direction
Svengali
Art Direction
Kiss Me Again
Art Direction
Body and Soul
Art Direction
Little Caesar
Art Direction
Going Wild
Art Direction
Mothers Cry
Art Direction
The Widow from Chicago
Art Direction
Bright Lights
Art Direction
Top Speed
Art Direction
The Song of the Flame
Set Decoration
A Notorious Affair
Set Designer
Smiling Irish Eyes
Set Designer
The Squall
Art Direction
Walking Back
Art Direction
The Blue Danube
Art Direction
Stand and Deliver
Art Direction
A Ship Comes In
Art Direction
The Country Doctor
Art Direction
Vanity
Art Direction
The Little Adventuress
Art Direction
White Gold
Art Direction
The Volga Boatman
Art Direction
The Road to Yesterday
Art Direction
Arms and the Woman
Art Direction

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